Domeniile Vinju Mare



The tradition of grapevine growing in this area is historically proved by archaeological discoveries that attest the existence of grapevine plantations in the years 1000-700B.C.

The scenes on “Traian’s Column” in Rome and the medal uttered by the Romans following the Roman conquest of Dacia in the years 100A.D. and called “DACIA FELIX” representing a young woman with two children offering her grain ears and grapes are unquestionable proofs of the development of agriculture, in general and development of viticulture, in particular.

Historic documents show that in the year 1600 the ruler of Ungrovlahia, Radu Voievod gave the village of Orevita to the Holy Metropolitan Seat of Tirgoviste “together with the vineyard and the winery “.

Legend goes that, as they were working the vineyard and making the wine, the monks were testing the wine again and again, more often than normal and, when they got dizzy, they complained” O, bad vine!”, which in Romanian language sounds like the very name of the village OREVITA ( O, rea vita!).

In his “Agricultural Monograph of the Mehedinti county”, the scientist Ion Ionescu of Brad mentioned that the county had, at the end of the XIX century, around 6700 hectars of vine plantations, 1500 hectars of them being located in Orevita. At that time, the varieties of grapes were Romanian ones “Negru vartos”(Strong Black) and “Negru Moale”(Soft Black) for red wines and Feteasca Alba, Tamaioasa Romaneasca, Berbecel, Basicata for white ones.

About the red wines of that time, the scientist Ion C. Ciurescu said in 1937 that it was “so thick that you could carry it in a handkerchief”.

At the beginning of the last century, after the massive attack of Phylloxera, that destroyed most of the vineyards, new varieties of grapevines were imported in the Mehedinti county: Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Noir for the red wines and Italian Riesling, Muscat Ottonel, Sauvignon Blanc for white wines. These imported varieties were grown together with the Romanian ones Feteasca Alba, Feteasca Regala, Feteasca Neagra.